Dislocations, like other joint injuries, are often best treated by R.I.C.E. (rest, ice, compression and elevation) during the first 24 to 48 hours after the injury.
- Rest. Rest the injured joint as much as possible.
- Ice. Place crushed ice in a plastic bag, wrap it in a towel and apply to injured area for 20 to 30 minutes. Repeat each hour until the swelling eases. Ice helps to reduce the bleeding, swelling and pain.
- Compression. Apply a snug, wet elastic bandage to the injured joint. Numbness, tingling or increased pain means the bandage is too tight.
- Elevation. Raise the injured ankle or knee above the level of the person's heart. Place it on a pillow, folded blanket or stack of newspapers.