A visa is an endorsement on the passport.
This endorsement allows the holder to enter the territory
of the issuing country.
A visa does not guarantee a person the right of entry
into that country. .
A person may have to undergo an interview and inspection
by the immigration officials at the port of entry.
He may be required to produce all the documents he presented
at the time of obtaining the visa.
The right of entry into the territory of a country may
be denied if any false information is given or if any
important facts have been concealed. This applies even
if a material change in the circumstance has happened.
A temporary or non-immigrant visa is usually issued
with an endorsement. This will be valid for 3 months,
6 months, 1 year etc.
Validity of the visa does not mean the period one can
stay in the issuing country.
It means the period with in which the visa holder has
to enter that country. If the holder does not enter
the country within the period, the visa will lapse.
Different types of visas are issued depending on the
nature of the visit. The main classifications are:
1. Immigrant or Permanent Visas;
2. Non-immigrant or Temporary Visas; and
3. Transit Visa.
Immigrant or Permanent Visa
This type of visa is issued to persons who intend to immigrate
or settle permanently in the foreign country.
Countries impose stricter regulations in granting this.
Some countries do not issue this type of visa (e.g.
Non-immigrant or Temporary Visas
A non-immigrant visa is issued for a temporary period
after which the holder will have to return to his home-country.
Depending on the nature of the visit, different visas
are issued. Main classifications
A Visitor visa is issued to a person who intends to
visit a foreign country temporarily.
The applicant has to produce adequate evidence to prove
that he has arranged for the financial support required
during the stay.
The applicant may also be asked to produce a confirmed
return air ticket to the home country after his stay.
Visitors are not allowed to work in the foreign country.
These type of visas are issued to persons who go abroad
for touring purposes.
The requirements in the case of tourist visa is almost
the same as that of a visitor visa.
Students who have secured admission in an educational
institution of the visa issuing country are eligible
to apply for a student visa
Such students will have to produce evidence of financial
support during their stay.
Students are also not allowed to work during their stay
without prior permission.
These visas are issued to business men who visit foreign
countries for business purposes.
Most of the countries require among other things a letter
of invitation from a business firm in the host country
for issuance of a business visa.
Work visas are issued to those persons who have got
a job in a foreign country.
Here, most of the countries insist that the procedure
should be initiated by the prospective employer in the
There are also other types of temporary visas like the
Family Re-Union Visa, Exchange Visitors Visa, visa for
Medical Treatment etc.
With this visa, one can go abroad only for the specific
purpose for which the visa has been issued.
A transit visa is needed when one will have to pass
through a foreign country to reach another foreign country,
which is his destination.
Confirmed onward air tickets and onward visas have to
Single Entry and Multiple
In the case of a single entry visa a person can enter
the issuing country only once.
Even if he returns to his home country before the expiry
of the allowed period of stay he cannot go back again.
A person having a multiple entry visa can enter the
issuing country more than once.
But it is to be noted that this multiple entry is permitted
only during the allowed period of stay. For an entry
after that period one will have to obtain a fresh visa.
to obtain Visa
To get a visa, one will have to apply to the Embassy/High
Commission or Consulate of the foreign country he intends
If a foreign country has an Embassy as well as Consulates
in India one will have to apply to any of these offices
depending on the area of jurisdiction of the office.
The application forms are available at the Embassies
Only true and correct information is to be provided.
In almost all the cases one may be asked to produce
documents to substantiate the information given.
The completed application form along with the Passport,
the documents asked for and the prescribed fee is to
be submitted to the Embassy or the consulate as the
case may be.
The Embassies have prescribed separate days and specific
times for submission of application forms.
The manner in which the form is to be submitted is also
Many counties allow submission through travel agents.
But some embassies insist on the personal presence of
An interview may also be necessitated.
Embassies of countries like the U. S. provide for 'Drop
Box' facility, by which the applicant can drop the application
forms at the reception, if he satisfies certain prescribed
Applications by post are also allowed by some embassies.
After submission, the Embassy/Consulate takes a prescribed
time to process the application and visa is issued after
that time, if found eligible.
Along with the application form one will have to submit
a number of documents.
The nature of these documents varies according to the
kind of visa one is applying for.
Evidence for financial support available during the
entire period of stay is insisted upon by many countries
in the case of many non-immigrant visas.
The original documents as well as copies are to be furnished.
The originals will be returned after verification.
The fee may very according to the nature of the visa
There are countries which do not charge visa fee also
The manner in which this fee is to be paid is prescribed
by the Embassies.
Payment through a Bank Draft drawn in favour of the
Embassy is the most common mode of the payment insisted